E-Journal Bonus Article: Morbidity and Mortality of Residents Living Near a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill in Northwest Italy From 1980 to 2009

The ecological study described in this article assessed morbidity and mortality excesses in the eight municipalities surrounding the municipal solid waste landfill of Barengo (Novara, northwest Italy). The resident populations living in this area on December 31, 1991, and December 31, 2005, were assessed. Standardized incidence and mortality ratios were calculated using data from hospital discharge forms, death forms, and regional databases. For congenital malformations (2003–2009 period), incidence excesses were found in females. Concerning morbidity (2003–2009 period) and mortality (2000–2009 period) for all causes, the observed cases and deaths largely exceeded the expected ones. During the 1980–2000 period, incidence excesses of deaths were reported for small intestine cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and soft tissue sarcomas. Although morbidity and mortality excesses were found in the authors’ study, further studies are needed to better identify the health-risk factors present in the area.

Speaker / Author: 
Christian Salerno, MSc
Massimiliano Panella, PhD
Sara Sacco, MD
Paola Berchialla, PhD
Lucio Antonio Palin, MBiolSc
Month Year: 
January 2016
Page #: 
Publication Month: 
January/February 2016