Association Between Low Temperature During Winter Season and Hospitalizations for Ischemic Heart Diseases in New York State

Most prior research investigating the health effects of extreme cold has been limited to temperature alone. Only a few studies have assessed population vulnerability and compared various weather indicators. The study described in this article intended to evaluate the effects of cold weather on admissions due to ischemic heart disease, especially acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and to examine the potential interactive effects between weather factors and demographics on AMI. The authors found that extremely low universal apparent temperature in winter was associated with increased risk of AMI, especially during lag4–lag6. Certain demographic groups such as the elderly, males, people with Medicaid insurance, people living in warmer areas, and areas with high PM2.5 concentration showed higher vulnerabilities to cold-AMI effects than other groups.

Speaker / Author: 
Shao Lin, MD, PhD
Aida Soim, MS, MD
Kevin A. Gleason
Syni-An Hwang, PhD
Month Year: 
January 2016
Page #: 
Publication Month: 
January/February 2016
EH Topics: